Accidental Drug Overdose Deaths Density: 2011 Thru 2012

Current static map

Source: Ohio Department of Health, Vital Statistics

Accidental Drug Overdose Deaths in Montgomery County - 2013

“This is a problem that has cast a terrible shadow across our nation and led to a public health crisis of devastating proportions. It is a crisis that has affected us all . . .” (Douglas C. Throckmorton, M.D, U.S. Food and Drug Administration)

Since 2010, there has been a 78% increase in the number of drug overdose deaths.

Characteristics of Accidental Drug Overdose Deaths

  • The rate of male overdose deaths was more than 2 times that of women.
  • Whites were twice more likely to die from an accidental drug overdose than Blacks.
  • The highest rate of overdose deaths occurred among 35 to 44 year olds (100.6 per 100,000) and among those who were divorced (110.2 per 100,000).
  • The age-adjusted drug overdose death rate was 24.9 per 100,000 in 2012.

Heroin

  • Since 2010, heroin mentions in drug overdose deaths increased 239% in 2013.
  • Heroin (58%) was the most mentioned drug in autopsy records.

Benzodiazepines

  • Benzodiazepines were mentioned in 52% of drug overdose deaths.
  • After decreasing 20% from 2010 to 2012, benzodiazepine mentions 68% in 2013.
  • Alprazolam (Xanax) is the most mentioned benzodiazepine in overdose deaths.

Prescription opioids

  • Prescription opioids were mentioned in 50% of drug overdose deaths.
  • Prescription opioid mentions increased 50% from 2012 to 2013.
  • Fentanyl and methadone were the most common prescription opioids mentioned in drug overdose deaths.

Hospital Visits (Emergency department or inpatient) related to accidental drug overdoses

  • The rate of hospital visits for accidental drug overdoses was similar for both men (74.3 per 100,000) and women (79.3 per 100,000).
  • The highest rate of inpatient hospital stays was among 35 to 44 year olds (35.1 per 100,000).
  • Emergency department visits were highest for youth less than 15 years of age (97.8 per 100,000).
Current info image

Source: Montgomery County Poisoning Death Review

Sources and Resources

CDC - Prescription Drug Overdose in the United States: FactSheet
http://www.cdc.gov/homeandrecreationalsafety/overdose/facts.html

CDC - QuickStats: Rates of Drug Poisoning Deaths Involving Heroin, by Selected Age and Racial/Ethnic Groups-United States, 2002 and 2011
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6327a5.htm?s_cid=mm6327a5_w

Drugs.com - Benzodiazepines
http://www.drugs.com/drug-class/benzodiazepines.html

National Institute on Drug Abuse - DrugFacts: Heroin
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/heroin

National Institute on Drug Abuse - Prescription Drug Abuse, Opioids
http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/prescription-drugs/opioids

Ohio Department of Health - Drug Overdose Data and Publication
http://www.healthy.ohio.gov/vipp/data/rxdata.aspx

Ohio Department of Health - Drug Overdose in Ohio
http://www.healthy.ohio.gov/vipp/drug/dpoison.aspx

RxList - Benzodiazepine Drug Information
http://www.rxlist.com/benzodiazepines/drugs-condition.htm#what